Essential elements of a house, like a roof and walls, require regular inspections to prevent costly damage. Despite a common belief, doors and windows need the same kind of attention. Here are a few tips on how to take care of them to keep them in good condition.
How to Take Care of Doors and Windows of Your Home?
The following steps are the key to a good window and door maintenance:
- Complementary elements, such as door and window frames, must be taken into account when carrying out maintenance for a better protection of the whole element. It is advisable to paint them at least every three years, using outdoor products (waterproofing) that effectively stop the water and ultraviolet rays.
- Open natural wood should be taken care of annually, with an adequate oil or sealant. Old glazing putties should be replaced by silicone. Before that, it is necessary to clean the slot well. You can pass the vacuum cleaner to remove the remains.
- The hardware (like bolts) is, apart from supporting and closing the element, a decoration. This task can only be done by an element in excellent conditions. All moving parts should be cleaned and lubricated regularly. If the door or window leaf rubs or closes with difficulty they must be readjusted.
- The maintenance includes the cleaning of the drainage holes through which the water that enters the slots can be drained.
In the modern sliding door and window fittings, the leaves are adjusted in three parts. Through tests, it can be determined which screws are correct and what the direction of the rotation is.
Regarding joints, the problem lies in getting insulating joints that will fit your doors and windows no matter their age. The different reactions to the cold and heat of the materials and the movements when opening and closing require a material that holds the pieces without causing them damage.
Silicone is the most resistant to ultraviolet rays and pollutants in the air; it also withstands temperatures of -20ºC to more than 150ºC and can compensate dilatations of up to 25% of the joint width. Seals larger than 10mm in width must be filled with special foam cords before sealing. To achieve a secure grip on the silicone, the joints should be free of dust and grease.
- Finally, we should consider the maintenance of the sill, since it has an important practical task: to eliminate from the facade and the window the rainwater that falls from the roof or the façade as quickly as possible. Therefore, it should always be waterproof. The masonry must be projected to be at least 2 cm farther with respect to the surface of the facade and have a drip edge on the underside. Only in this way can it be guaranteed that the water will not penetrate the façade below the window leaving unsightly marks.